Health outcomes by country

In 2015, the latest year with widely available data, the average life expectancy across countries was 71.87 years. The life expectancy refers to the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life. The country with the longest life expectancy was Hong Kong with 84.28 years while the shortest life expectancy was 51.41 years (Central African Republic). We observe a significant variation of life expectancy across continents:
  • Africa with 62.54 years
  • The Americas with 74.89 years
  • Asia with 73.37 years
  • Australia with 73.62 years
  • Europe with 78.73 years
The birth rate, defined as the number of live births occurring during the year per 1,000 people, was highest in Niger with 48.44 births. The death rate was highest in Bulgaria with 15.3 deaths per 1,000 people. For comparison, the average death rates in the world were significantly lower: 7.78 deaths.

The table below presents life expectancy, death rate, birth rate, fertility rate, HIV infections, and Tuberculosis cases across countries. The fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years. HIV infections refers to the percentage of people ages 15-49 who are infected with HIV while Tuberculosis cases are the estimated number of new and relapse tuberculosis cases arising in a given year per 100,000 people.

A second table further below shows the expenditure on health care in dollar terms and as percent of GDP for all countries.

Country Life expectancy Birth rate Death rate Fertility rate HIV infections Tuberculosis cases
Afghanistan 63.29 33.98 6.92 4.8 189
Albania 78.17 11.88 7.22 1.71 0.1 16
Algeria 75.86 23.9 4.77 2.84 0.1 74
Andorra 5.9
Angola 61.24 42.32 8.68 5.77 1.9 366
Ant.& Barb. 76.21 16.37 5.79 2.06 4.4
Argentina 76.42 17.36 7.57 2.31 0.4 25
Armenia 74.44 13.81 9.69 1.62 0.2 50
Aruba 75.72 10.96 8.62 1.8 13
Australia 82.4 12.8 6.6 1.81 0.1 6.1
Austria 81.19 9.8 9.6 1.49 0.1 7.5
Azerbaijan 71.92 17.2 5.7 1.94 0.1 71
Bahamas 75.53 14.42 6.26 1.78 2 18
Bahrain 76.76 15.11 2.35 2.06 0.1 15
Bangladesh 72.15 19.29 5.31 2.13 0.1 221
Barbados 75.75 11.99 10.66 1.8 1.5 0
Belarus 73.62 12.5 12.6 1.72 0.4 50
Belgium 80.99 10.8 9.8 1.7 9.5
Belize 70.19 22.74 5.52 2.54 1.8 25
Benin 60.64 37.43 9.32 5.05 1 60
Bermuda 81.01 9.4 7.4 1.62 0
Bhutan 69.82 18.46 6.04 2.09 153
Bolivia 68.76 23.55 7.35 2.92 0.3 117
Bosnia & Herz. 76.74 9.12 10.89 1.35 39
Botswana 65.85 24.14 7.02 2.77 23.1 356
Brazil 75.28 14.4 6.09 1.74 0.6 42
Brunei 77.05 16.14 3.51 1.88 58
Bulgaria 74.61 9.2 15.3 1.53 0.1 28
Burkina Faso 59.93 39.44 8.82 5.44 0.8 52
Burma 66.46 18 8.1 2.23 0.7 365
Burundi 57.09 42.66 11.03 5.78 1.1 122
Cambodia 68.62 23.68 6.11 2.59 0.6 368
Cameroon 57.58 36.84 10.35 4.78 3.9 212
Canada 82.13 10.8 7.5 1.6 5.2
Cape Verde 72.6 21.14 5.61 2.37 0.6 139
C.A. Republic 51.41 36.11 14.01 4.94 4.2 391
Chad 52.58 43.86 13.22 6.05 1.4 152
Chile 79.32 13.44 6.07 1.78 0.5 17
China 76.09 12.07 7.11 1.62 66
Colombia 74.2 15.48 5.94 1.87 0.5 31
Comoros 63.47 33.33 7.49 4.42 0.1 35
Costa Rica 79.63 14.52 4.88 1.8 0.4 11
Croatia 77.28 8.9 12.9 1.4 13
Cuba 79.57 10.97 7.9 1.72 0.4 7
Cyprus 80.34 10.98 6.84 1.35 0.1 6.2
Czech Rep. 78.58 10.5 10.5 1.57 0.1 5.5
DR Congo 59.21 42.81 10.19 6.2 0.8 324
Denmark 80.7 10.2 9.2 1.71 0.1 6.5
Djibouti 62.26 23.35 8.36 2.91 1.4 362
Dominica 11
Domin. Rep. 73.67 20.51 6.08 2.45 1 53
Ecuador 76.1 20.48 5.13 2.51 0.3 39
Egypt 71.3 27.2 5.96 3.31 0.1 15
El Salvador 73.27 18.69 6.69 2.1 0.6 49
Eq. Guinea 57.43 34.63 10.34 4.78 6.5 172
Eritrea 64.64 32.83 7.07 4.21 0.6 70
Estonia 77.59 10.6 11.6 1.58 0.6 18
Ethiopia 65.04 32.3 7 4.32 1 192
Faroe Isl. 81.99 12.4 7.7 2.4
Fiji 70.12 19.74 6.99 2.54 51
Finland 81.48 10.1 9.6 1.65 5.6
France 82.27 12 8.9 1.96 0.5 8.4
Gabon 65.68 30.09 7.82 3.85 4.3 537
Gambia 60.95 39.99 8.2 5.49 1.8 174
Georgia 73.1 13.8 13.25 2 0.4 99
Germany 80.64 9 11.3 1.5 0.2 8
Ghana 62.45 31.56 8.31 4.04 1.7 160
Greece 81.04 8.5 11.2 1.33 0.2 4.5
Grenada 73.53 18.95 7.13 2.13 5.4
Guatemala 73.15 25.63 4.86 3.03 0.5 26
Guinea 59.42 36.36 9.58 4.93 1.6 177
G.-Bissau 57 37.15 10.78 4.71 3.6 373
Guyana 66.54 20.73 8.16 2.53 1.7 93
Haiti 63.06 24.55 8.65 2.97 1.9 194
Honduras 73.38 22.04 4.81 2.51 0.4 41
Hong Kong 84.28 8.2 6.3 1.2 71
Hungary 75.57 9.4 13.4 1.45 0.1 10
Iceland 82.47 12.5 6.6 1.8 2.4
India 68.3 19.27 7.3 2.35 0.2 217
Indonesia 69.03 19.35 7.1 2.39 0.4 325
Iran 75.73 17.1 4.55 1.69 0.1 16
Iraq 69.67 33.63 5.1 4.43 43
Ireland 81.45 14.1 6.5 1.92 0.2 7.2
Israel 82.05 21.3 5.3 3.09 4
Italy 82.54 8 10.7 1.35 0.2 6.7
Ivory Coast 53.05 37.1 12.54 4.98 2.9 159
Jamaica 75.84 16.81 6.93 2.03 1.8 4.5
Japan 83.79 8 10.3 1.45 0.1 16
Jordan 74.18 27.04 3.83 3.44 5.8
Kazakhstan 72 22.66 7.48 2.73 0.2 80
Kenya 66.69 31.78 5.84 3.92 5.1 380
Kiribati 66.13 28.55 7.01 3.69 552
Kuwait 74.58 16.87 2.68 1.99 0.1 22
Kyrgyzstan 70.65 27.4 5.8 3.2 0.2 144
Laos 66.33 24.32 6.75 2.76 0.3 182
Latvia 74.48 11.1 14.4 1.7 40
Lebanon 79.41 15.38 4.59 1.72 0.1 13
Lesotho 53.74 28.16 12.92 3.14 23.8 788
Liberia 62.01 34.72 8.12 4.65 1.5 308
Libya 71.78 20.19 5.2 2.31 40
Liechtenstein 82.66 8.7 6.7 1.4
Lithuania 74.32 10.8 14.4 1.7 0.1 55
Luxembourg 82.29 10.7 7 1.47 0.2 6.1
Macao 83.7 11.99 3.75 1.28 71
Macedonia 75.55 11.3 9.74 1.52 0.1 17
Madagascar 65.54 33.4 6.47 4.24 0.2 236
Malawi 62.66 37.05 7.5 4.65 10.1 193
Malaysia 75.14 17.09 4.86 2.06 0.4 88
Maldives 77.04 18.81 3.38 2.13 46
Mali 57.48 43.22 10.67 6.14 1.3 57
Malta 81.8 10 8 1.45 8.6
Mauritania 63.08 34.57 7.96 4.74 0.4 107
Mauritius 74.35 10.1 7.7 1.36 13
Mexico 76.93 18.51 4.82 2.21 0.3 21
Micronesia 69.08 23.64 6.22 3.19 124
Moldova 71.47 10.52 11.42 1.25 0.5 102
Monaco 8.1 7.6 0
Mongolia 69.09 24.71 6.31 2.79 0.1 428
Montenegro 76.94 11.52 9.8 1.68 0.1 15
Morocco 75.57 20.4 5.14 2.53 0.1 101
Mozambique 57.71 39.36 10.38 5.3 12.9 551
Namibia 63.78 29.59 7.45 3.47 12.5 495
Nepal 69.89 19.97 6.33 2.16 0.2 156
Netherlands 81.51 10.1 8.7 1.66 0.2 5.8
N. Caledonia 77.24 15.4 5.4 2.06 24
New Zealand 81.46 13.27 6.87 1.99 0.1 7.3
Nicaragua 75.15 19.92 4.77 2.23 0.2 51
Niger 59.67 48.44 9.94 7.29 0.4 95
Nigeria 52.99 39.37 12.77 5.59 2.9 219
North Korea 71.46 13.87 8.75 1.92 513
Norway 82.3 11.3 7.8 1.72 0.1 6.3
Oman 76.8 19.59 2.57 2.74 9
Pakistan 66.32 28.73 7.34 3.55 0.1 270
Palau 13.7 7.7 2.21 76
Palestine 73.3 32.13 3.51 4.07 1.1
Panama 77.81 19.85 4.99 2.54 0.9 52
Papua N.G. 65.38 27.93 7.13 3.71 0.9 432
Paraguay 73.02 21.15 5.68 2.51 0.5 41
Peru 74.75 19.61 5.64 2.43 0.3 119
Philippines 68.95 23.45 6.5 2.96 0.1 550
Poland 77.45 9.7 10.4 1.32 19
Portugal 81.12 8.3 10.5 1.31 0.6 23
Puerto Rico 79.6 9 8.08 1.34 1.6
Qatar 78.04 10.31 1.51 1.93 0.1 25
R. of Congo 64.11 35.23 7.56 4.72 3.2 379
Romania 75.01 10 13.2 1.58 0.1 82
Russia 71.17 13.3 13 1.75 1 67
Rwanda 66.7 31.79 6.13 3.97 2.8 59
Saint Lucia 75.3 12.24 7.47 1.47 9.1
St. Vincent & ... 73.06 15.77 7.11 1.95 7.4
Samoa 74.77 25.12 4.98 4.03 11
San Marino 8.2 7.1 0
S.T.&Principe 66.49 34.33 6.81 4.52 159
Saudi Arabia 74.4 19.92 3.54 2.58 12
Senegal 66.78 36.21 6.07 4.84 0.5 130
Serbia 75.29 9.3 14.6 1.46 0.1 21
Seychelles 74.3 17 7.5 2.41 9.8
Sierra Leone 51.42 35.61 13.03 4.56 1.4 307
Singapore 82.74 9.7 4.8 1.24 0.2 45
Slovakia 76.56 10.3 9.9 1.4 0.1 6.5
Slovenia 80.78 10 9.6 1.57 0.1 7.2
Solomon Isl. 70.43 29.27 4.85 3.91 89
Somalia 55.88 43.66 11.63 6.36 0.1 274
South Africa 61.98 21.3 10.1 2.48 18.8 759
South Korea 82.02 8.6 5.4 1.24 79
Spain 82.83 9 9.1 1.33 0.4 10
Sri Lanka 75.09 15.6 6.81 2.06 0.1 65
Sudan 64.26 33.31 7.52 4.59 0.2 88
Suriname 71.28 18.45 7.25 2.4 1.3 33
Swaziland 57.11 29.27 9.86 3.14 28.3 404
Sweden 82.2 11.7 9.3 1.85 9.2
Switzerland 82.9 10.5 8.2 1.54 7.3
Syria 69.9 22.16 5.59 2.97 19
Tajikistan 70.88 29.34 5.19 3.4 0.2 86
Tanzania 64.95 38.64 7.01 5.08 4.7 306
Thailand 75.1 10.58 7.75 1.5 1.2 163
Togo 59.95 34.53 8.83 4.52 2.3 52
Tonga 72.88 24.41 6.02 3.68 15
Tr.&Tobago 70.56 13.96 9.49 1.77 1.2 17
Tunisia 75.53 18.65 6.36 2.22 0.1 38
Turkey 75.5 16.53 5.81 2.07 18
Turkmenistan 67.7 26.01 7.1 2.93 49
Tuvalu 209
Uganda 59.58 42.63 8.87 5.68 6.3 202
Ukraine 71.19 10.7 14.9 1.51 0.9 91
UA Emirates 77.1 9.89 1.55 1.76 0.79
UK 80.96 11.9 9.2 1.8 10
Uruguay 77.34 14.14 9.35 2.01 0.6 30
USA 78.69 12.4 8.44 1.84 3.3
Uzbekistan 71.19 23.5 4.9 2.49 0.2 79
Vanuatu 71.93 26.17 4.78 3.31 63
Venezuela 74.37 19.33 5.57 2.34 29
Vietnam 76.05 16.92 5.81 1.96 0.4 137
Yemen 64.74 32.22 6.54 4.1 48
Zambia 61.4 38.44 8 5.04 12 391
Zimbabwe 60.4 33.94 8.4 3.84 14 242


Health spending by country

The average health spending per capita in the world for 2015 was 1029.67 USD. The largest amount spent on health per capita in a single economy was 9817.99 USD in Switzerland while the least spent was 16.64 USD (Central African Republic).

In terms of health spending as percent of GDP, the highest value was recorded in Sierra Leone with 18.32 percent while Monaco spends only 2.03 percent of its GDP on health.
Country Health spending per capita Health spending as percent of GDP
Afghanistan 60.09 10.3
Albania 265.9 6.82
Algeria 291.64 7.06
Andorra 4315.7 11.97
Angola 108.56 2.95
Ant.& Barb. 657.17 4.84
Argentina 997.93 6.83
Armenia 366.05 10.14
Australia 4934.05 9.45
Austria 4536.08 10.32
Azerbaijan 368.34 6.68
Bahamas 1685.46 7.36
Bahrain 1190.04 5.16
Bangladesh 31.84 2.64
Barbados 1160.15 7.46
Belarus 351.82 6.11
Belgium 4228.31 10.48
Belize 301.2 6.21
Benin 31.29 3.99
Bhutan 91.11 3.49
Bolivia 197.26 6.41
Bosnia & Herz. 431.22 9.38
Botswana 389.37 5.97
Brazil 780.4 8.91
Brunei 812.21 2.62
Bulgaria 572.04 8.2
Burkina Faso 33.44 5.45
Burma 59.12 4.95
Burundi 24.29 8.24
Cambodia 69.59 5.98
Cameroon 63.63 5.11
Canada 4507.55 10.44
Cape Verde 145.83 4.85
C.A. Republic 16.64 4.78
Chad 35.57 4.58
Chile 1101.96 8.07
China 425.63 5.32
Colombia 374.24 6.19
Comoros 58.54 8.05
Costa Rica 929.11 8.15
Croatia 852.09 7.4
Cyprus 1563.32 6.77
Czech Rep. 1284.05 7.31
DR Congo 19.75 4.27
Denmark 5497.39 10.33
Djibouti 81.73 4.39
Dominica 383.65 5.43
Domin. Rep. 396.69 6.22
Ecuador 530.11 8.54
Egypt 156.64 4.17
El Salvador 283.16 6.91
Eq. Guinea 280 2.7
Eritrea 30.94 3.32
Estonia 1112.01 6.51
Ethiopia 24.28 4.05
Fiji 174.93 3.55
Finland 4005.48 9.45
France 4026.15 11.07
Gabon 197.94 2.68
Gambia 31.88 6.75
Georgia 280.91 7.93
Germany 4591.85 11.15
Ghana 79.59 5.91
Greece 1504.76 8.38
Grenada 460.28 5
Guatemala 224.38 5.72
Guinea 25.13 4.54
G.-Bissau 39.48 6.88
Guyana 184.45 4.48
Haiti 53.57 6.87
Honduras 176.61 7.59
Hungary 893.65 7.24
Iceland 4375.37 8.61
India 63.32 3.89
Indonesia 111.76 3.35
Iran 365.98 7.59
Iraq 154.48 3.4
Ireland 4757.12 7.76
Israel 2756.12 7.43
Italy 2700.43 9
Ivory Coast 75.45 5.44
Jamaica 294.26 5.93
Japan 3732.56 10.9
Jordan 257.42 6.28
Kazakhstan 379.08 3.88
Kenya 70.06 5.22
Kiribati 108.38 7.61
Kuwait 1168.83 4.03
Kyrgyzstan 92.08 8.22
Laos 52.99 2.81
Latvia 783.85 5.76
Lebanon 645.17 7.43
Lesotho 90.85 8.36
Liberia 69.29 15.19
Lithuania 923.27 6.51
Luxembourg 6236 6.05
Macedonia 295.42 6.09
Madagascar 21.05 5.24
Malawi 34.22 9.33
Malaysia 385.62 4
Maldives 943.94 11.5
Mali 42.3 5.8
Malta 2304.18 9.62
Mauritania 53.61 4.64
Mauritius 506.08 5.54
Mexico 534.81 5.86
Micronesia 394.88 13.09
Moldova 186.43 10.18
Monaco 3315.82 2.03
Mongolia 152.46 3.87
Montenegro 382.08 5.97
Morocco 159.77 5.53
Mozambique 28.3 5.35
Namibia 423.07 8.93
Nepal 44.42 6.15
Netherlands 4746.01 10.69
New Zealand 3553.63 9.34
Nicaragua 162.93 7.81
Niger 25.72 7.17
Nigeria 97.31 3.56
Norway 7464.12 9.98
Oman 636.48 3.83
Pakistan 37.99 2.69
Palau 1420.21 10.65
Panama 920.59 7.01
Papua N.G. 77.35 3.77
Paraguay 321.34 7.82
Peru 322.96 5.26
Philippines 126.89 4.41
Poland 796.74 6.35
Portugal 1721.71 8.97
Qatar 2029.54 3.06
R. of Congo 58.79 3.43
Romania 442.37 4.95
Russia 523.77 5.56
Rwanda 56.66 7.9
Saint Lucia 481.63 5.96
St. Vincent & ... 284.03 4.21
Samoa 222.89 5.58
San Marino 3243.08 6.81
S.T.&Principe 159.91 9.84
Saudi Arabia 1194.1 5.83
Senegal 36.08 3.97
Serbia 491.25 9.41
Seychelles 491.82 3.39
Sierra Leone 106.69 18.32
Singapore 2280.28 4.25
Slovakia 1108.43 6.89
Slovenia 1771.55 8.54
Solomon Isl. 152.13 8.03
South Africa 470.8 8.2
South Korea 2012.74 7.39
Spain 2353.93 9.17
Sri Lanka 117.87 2.97
Sudan 151.79 6.31
Suriname 577.5 6.55
Swaziland 232.72 7.04
Sweden 5600.1 11.01
Switzerland 9817.99 12.06
Tajikistan 62.96 6.85
Tanzania 31.74 6.12
Thailand 217.14 3.77
Togo 36.65 6.65
Tonga 221.37 5.86
Tr.&Tobago 1146.23 6.02
Tunisia 258.03 6.74
Turkey 454.61 4.14
Turkmenistan 405.13 6.25
Tuvalu 439.18 14.96
Uganda 46.06 7.3
Ukraine 125.05 6.13
UA Emirates 1401.97 3.47
UK 4355.81 9.88
Uruguay 1281.29 9.22
USA 9535.95 16.84
Uzbekistan 133.95 6.23
Vanuatu 98.99 3.55
Venezuela 972.95 3.16
Vietnam 116.74 5.65
Yemen 72.04 5.98
Zambia 69.37 5.35
Zimbabwe 94.29 10.32
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